Tracking adjusts the overall spacing of a group of letters. Tracking can be loose or tight.
Kerning adjusts the space between individual letter forms.
Leading or line spacing is the distance between the baselines of successive lines of type.
Alignment is the setting of text or image relative to a page, column, table cell, or tab.
A grid breaks space into regular units. It serves as a rational framework for organizing graphic elements.
The use of visual language to emphasize content according to an order of importance.